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Archive (Volume 4 Issue 1)

Modeling of control strategies for cholera epidemic

A. Ndanusa, B.A. Jimoh & A.W. Abubakar

The SIRB model for the dynamics of cholera epidemic introduced by Codeco is modified by incorporating some control strategies: vaccination is introduced to susceptible class, therapeutic treatment is applied to infected class, and water sanitation leads to the death of vibrios.

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Mathematical Model And Stability Analysis Of Typhoid Fever

F. Sulayman, A.A. Yakubu, A. Abubakar & A.T. Muhammad

Typhoid fever is primarily transmitted through bacterial known as Salmonella typhi organism, a deterministic typhoid fever model is formulated by incorporating vital dynamic, standard incidence and control measures. The effective basic reproduction number R c...

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Simplified Isolation of Catechin-3-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside from Trichilia emetica Seeds

A. Usman, I.L. Ibrahim & A.A. Ibrahim

The conventional method for the isolation of catechin-3-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside from Trichilia emetica whole seeds is laborious, costly and low yielding (3 - 5%). The isolation technique was developed to reduce the isolation cost and time as well as to get a better yield (20 - 30%). The structure of the isolated compound was confirmed on the basis of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)...

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Molecular Characterization of Salmonella Typhi Strains Isolated from Patients Clinically Diagnosed of Typhoid Fever in Kaduna State-Nigeria

B. Abdullahi, I.O. Abdullahi, J.B. Ameh & B.O. Olayinka

Typhoid fever; a systemic disease caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) remains a major public health problem in many parts of the world. Accurate diagnosis of the disease requires isolation of the organism. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to molecularly characterized S. Typhi strains isolated from patients...

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Performance Analysis of Bubble Sort Based And Insertion Sort Based Searching Techniques On 2-D Array

E.T. Oladipupo, D.O. Olayemi, C.O. Adeagbo & T.A. Olayemi

Row wise and column wise 2-D array search algorithm is a popular searching technique. Bubble and Insertion sort algorithms are also known for their effectiveness in sorting arrays that contain small data. In this research, bubble and insertion sort algorithms are applied in the sorting of the randomly generated elements of two dimensional arrays.

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Photo-Antiviral Activity of Cationic and Anionic Dyes

H. Majiya, J. Baba, I.L. Muhammed, R.G. Muhammed & H.M. Majiya

Photo-antiviral activity of organic dyes, porphyrins, phthalocyanines, aromatic hydrocarbons and quinones has been shown to be an efficient alternative antiviral agent in the control of resistant and emerging viruses. These high coloured compounds are photosensitisers...

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Anti-Diarrhoeal, Phytochemical and Toxicological Studies of Vitex doniana Extracts on Escherichia coli Strains Isolated from Diarrhoeal Stool of Some Children (0-5) Years

I L. Muhammad, O.S. Olonitola, J.B. Ameh & B.O. Olayinka

Diarrhoea is reported to be an infectious disease capable of causing morbidity and mortality in both developing and developed countries. This study was carried out to determine the anti-diarrheal activity, phytochemical and toxicological studies of Vitex doniana extracts against...

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Effects of Antibiotics on Escherichia coli Strains Isolated from Diarrhoeal Stool of Children (0-5) Years Attending Various Hospitals in Niger State, Nigeria

I L. Muhammad, O.S. Olonitola, J.B. Ameh & B.O. Olayinka

Diarrhoea remains a common complaint among children attending various hospitals in Niger state for medical attention. A cross-sectional study was performed to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of E. coli strains isolated from diarrhoeal stool of children less than...

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