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Archive (Volume 1 Issue 1)

Evaluation of Effects of Different Levels of Craseonycteris Thonglongyai Compost on the Concentrations of Some Mineral Elements in the Leaf of Corchorus Olitorius (Jute Mallow)

Musa A., Kumar N., Mamudu, I., Bida I.I. & Ibrahim, S.

Leafy vegetables are among the major sources of micronutrients that are required for development and maintenance of good health. The concentrations of micronutrients in vegetables mostly depend on soil nutrient compositions among other environmental and genetic factors...

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Comparative Nutritive Evaluation of Cyperus esculentus and Cyperus rotundus Nuts

Ibrahim J., Musa D.A. & Gbodi T.A.

Tiger nut, locally known as ‘aya’, is a common delicacy in Nigeria, eaten raw or processed. Two species of tigernut; black (Cyperus rotundus) and yellow (Cyperus esculentus) were evaluated to determine their comparative nutritive composition. The nutritive evaluation was carried out by proximate analysis and mineral analysis. Calcium (Ca), Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn) and Cobalt(Co), were evaluated using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric method and Phosphorus (P) was determined using spectrophotometer...

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Rift Valley Fever Optimal Control: Insecticide Spray, Bed Net and Vaccination

Chado U.D., Abdullahi, M.B., Akinwande N.I., Abdulrahman S., Awojoyogbe O.B. & Hakimi D.

A mathematical model for the transmission of rift valley fever was developed and analyzed. The threshold epidemiological pattern of the disease and the equilibriums of the model were determined and the stabilities investigated. A sensitivity analysis of the model was carried out to establish the virtual impact of the model parameters of the spread disease...

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Spatial Analysis of West African Measles Data Set

Bolarin G., Bello O.A. & Raji R.A.

The spread of infectious diseases has been tied to movement of people across borders. Statistical data have shown that there are a lot of factors that can make a disease to break out in a given community or country. In this work we analyzed measles data set of West African countries and we found that there is a synchrony in outbreak of measles in countries sharing borders...

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Assessment of Strength of Association Between Climatic Parameters and Some Selected Crops in Funtua, Katsina State, Nigeria

Yahaya T.I., Abdulaziz R., Odekunle M.O. & Abdulkadir M.

Agricultural production in Nigeria and particularly Funtua Local Government Area of Katsina State is rain-fed hence it is dependent on weather. This situation threatens food security and leads to poverty, among the farmers in the study area. This eventually leads to shortage of food, increasing importation of “common” foodstuffs especially sorghum, millet and maize,...

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Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial activity of Chromolaena odorata leaves Extract against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli

Edia-Asuke A.U. & Christopher F.

This study investigated the phytochemical properties and the in-vitro antibacterial activity of aqueous and ethanolic leaf extracts of Chromolaena odorata, also known as Siam weed. The extract challenged the Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli using agar well diffusion method. Furthermore, the minimum inhibitory and minimum bactericidal concentrations of the extracts against the selected pathogens were also determined...

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Effects of Antibiotics on Urinary Tract Infections in Patients Attending General Hospital, Minna, Nigeria.

Baba J., Aliyu M.B., Alalade O.M., Olutimayin A.T. & Abdullahi S.

The aim of this study is to determine the patterns of antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria isolated from urinary tract infections of patients attending General Hospital, Minna. One hundred (100) urine samples were collected from May to August, 2015. Bacteria isolates were identified by standard biochemical tests and antibiotic susceptibility test was carried out on some commonly used antibiotics...

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Isolation of Cassava Starch and Synthesis of Acetyl Derivatives Using Vinegar

Azeh Y., Paiko Y.B., Elele U.U., Adesina G.O., Mohammad M.A., Mohammed D.Z., Gimba A.A.

This study was carried out to assess and establish the changes in physicochemical parameters of cassava starch (CS) after modification using mercerization and acetylation. Substituted starch acetate was prepared by reaction of native CS with commercial vinegar and NaOH...

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Application of Ft-Ir And Scanning Electron Microscopy for Characterization of Modified Nanoclay Using Selected Amino Acids

Azeh Y., Olatunji G.A., Mohammad Y.S., Agwuncha C.S., Abubakar A., Damilare O.S. & Tanko U.M.

This study was set to prepare nanoclay from locally obtained native clay commonly found in Dogon- Ruwa, opposite Maizube farm, along Minna-Bida road, Sabondaga, Bosso Local government area of Niger State-Nigeria and to investigate its chemical modification using four different amino acids;...

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Analytic Solution of the Dynamics of Malaria Transmission

Bawa M., Usman J., Adamu G., Abubakar B. & Abubakar A.

The dynamics of malaria transmission in a population is compartmentalized into the human and vector classes and represented by a set of ordinary differential equations using several known clinical and biological information...

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Effects of Feeding Different Rations on Growth and Some Innate Immune Parameters in The Haemolymph of African Giant Land Snail (Archachatina marginata)

Amuzat A.O., Suleiman R., Ndatsu Y., Abubakar A. and Boko H.U.

Nutritional status is recognized as a major factor that modulates immune responses, although interactions between specific nutrients and some immune responses are poorly understood. This study evaluated the effects of different plant feeds on protein coagulation and Phenoloxidase activities in the haemolymph of Archachatina marginata...

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Proximate and Mineral Analysis of Three Species of Snails Consumed in Edozhigi, Gbako Local Government Area of Niger State

Paiko Y.B., Makanta S.A., Dagaci M.Z., Jacob J.O. & Mathew J.T.

The proximate and mineral compositions of three species of edible snails (Pila globosa, Helix aspera and Archatina fulica) from Edozhigi village in Niger State were investigated using standard methods. The mineral composition of the snails was analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (Buck Scientific, model 210 VGP)...

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Study of Surface Refractivity Over Lapai and Makurdi (North-Central) Nigeria

Oyedum O.D., Muhammad B.L., Abdullahi S.A., Ndanusa B. & Mohammad D.Z.

This paper studied the diurnal and seasonal variations and the tropospheric surface refractivity (Ns) over Lapai and Makurdi (8.82o N, 6.68o E and 7.74o N, 8.51o E), Central part of Nigeria. The results indicated that both the hourly and monthly averages of radio refractivity during the rainy season months ...

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Antibiotic Susceptibility Studies of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Anterior Nares of Students of Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University Lapai, Niger State, Nigeria

Muhammad I.L., Musa R.N., Muhammad R.G., Mohammed J.N., Baba J. Suleiman A.L., Ndatsu Y. & Kassim Z.J.

The antibiotic susceptibility studies of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from anterior nares of 70 students of Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai was carried out. The samples were analysed using Nutrient agar and Mannitol salt agar...

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