Characterization and Identification of Some Bacteriocins Produced by Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Fermented Food Products
Mohammed S.S.D. & Abdulrahman, I.
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) such as Pediococcus halophilus FCF7 and Leuconostoc gelidum FALB 1 were isolated from fermented corn flour and African locust bean using pour plate technique and were propagated in De Man Rogosa Sharpe (MRS) broth separately for bacteriocins production. Bacteriocins...Read more
Antibacterial and Toxicological Studies of Erythropleum suaveolens Crude Extracts on Some Pathogenic Bacteria
Muhammad I.L., Abubakar A., Muhammad R.G., Suleiman A. L., Muhammed A.U. & Mohammed U.B.
The phytochemical screening, antibacterial activity and toxicological studies of leaf and stem- bark extract of Erythrophluem suaveolens was carried out using a standard method. The preliminary phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of secondary metabolites...Read more
Evaluation of Effects of Different Levels of Craseonycteris Thonglongyai Compost on the Concentrations of Some Mineral Elements in the Leaf of Corchorus Olitorius (Jute Mallow)
Musa A., Kumar N., Mamudu, I., Bida I.I. & Ibrahim, S.
Leafy vegetables are among the major sources of micronutrients that are required for development and maintenance of good health. The concentrations of micronutrients in vegetables mostly depend on soil nutrient compositions among other environmental and genetic factors...Read more
Ibrahim J., Musa D.A. & Gbodi T.A.
Tiger nut, locally known as ‘aya’, is a common delicacy in Nigeria, eaten raw or processed. Two species of tigernut; black (Cyperus rotundus) and yellow (Cyperus esculentus) were evaluated to determine their comparative nutritive composition. The nutritive evaluation was carried out by proximate analysis and mineral analysis. Calcium (Ca), Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn) and Cobalt(Co), were evaluated using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric method and Phosphorus (P) was determined using spectrophotometer...Read more
Chado U.D., Abdullahi, M.B., Akinwande N.I., Abdulrahman S., Awojoyogbe O.B. & Hakimi D.
A mathematical model for the transmission of rift valley fever was developed and analyzed. The threshold epidemiological pattern of the disease and the equilibriums of the model were determined and the stabilities investigated. A sensitivity analysis of the model was carried out to establish the virtual impact of the model parameters of the spread disease...Read more
Bolarin G., Bello O.A. & Raji R.A.
The spread of infectious diseases has been tied to movement of people across borders. Statistical data have shown that there are a lot of factors that can make a disease to break out in a given community or country. In this work we analyzed measles data set of West African countries and we found that there is a synchrony in outbreak of measles in countries sharing borders...Read more
Assessment of Strength of Association Between Climatic Parameters and Some Selected Crops in Funtua, Katsina State, Nigeria
Yahaya T.I., Abdulaziz R., Odekunle M.O. & Abdulkadir M.
Agricultural production in Nigeria and particularly Funtua Local Government Area of Katsina State is rain-fed hence it is dependent on weather. This situation threatens food security and leads to poverty, among the farmers in the study area. This eventually leads to shortage of food, increasing importation of “common” foodstuffs especially sorghum, millet and maize,...Read more
Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial activity of Chromolaena odorata leaves Extract against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli
Edia-Asuke A.U. & Christopher F.
This study investigated the phytochemical properties and the in-vitro antibacterial activity of aqueous and ethanolic leaf extracts of Chromolaena odorata, also known as Siam weed. The extract challenged the Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli using agar well diffusion method. Furthermore, the minimum inhibitory and minimum bactericidal concentrations of the extracts against the selected pathogens were also determined...Read more
Effects of Antibiotics on Urinary Tract Infections in Patients Attending General Hospital, Minna, Nigeria.
Baba J., Aliyu M.B., Alalade O.M., Olutimayin A.T. & Abdullahi S.
The aim of this study is to determine the patterns of antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria isolated from urinary tract infections of patients attending General Hospital, Minna. One hundred (100) urine samples were collected from May to August, 2015. Bacteria isolates were identified by standard biochemical tests and antibiotic susceptibility test was carried out on some commonly used antibiotics...Read more
Fish Diversity and Some Aspects of the Physico-Chemical Parameters of Gurara Water Fall, Niger State, Nigeria
Study on the fishery diversity and physico - chemical parameters of Gurara waterfall, Niger State was conducted between June and September, 2015. Six different species belonging to four families were recorded during the period of study...Read more
Jiya M., Bawa M., Shehu M.D., Adamu G. & Doko U.C.
A mathematical model for Asset and Liability Portfolio System (ALPS) was developed and analyzed on banking system using partial differential equation technique...Read more
Azeh Y., Paiko Y.B., Elele U.U., Adesina G.O., Mohammad M.A., Mohammed D.Z., Gimba A.A.
This study was carried out to assess and establish the changes in physicochemical parameters of cassava starch (CS) after modification using mercerization and acetylation. Substituted starch acetate was prepared by reaction of native CS with commercial vinegar and NaOH...Read more
Isolation and Identification of Some Bacteria Associated with Wound Sepsis Among the Patients Attending General Hospital Minna, Nigeria
Baba J., Olutimayin A.T., Alalade O.M., Aliyu M.B. & Ndagi G.M.
The study is aimed at assessing the antibiotic susceptibility of some bacteria isolates from wound sepsis of patients attending General Hospital Minna, Niger State, Nigeria. One hundred (100) wound swabs were obtained and cultured on Blood agar and MacConkey agar,...Read more
Application of Ft-Ir And Scanning Electron Microscopy for Characterization of Modified Nanoclay Using Selected Amino Acids
Azeh Y., Olatunji G.A., Mohammad Y.S., Agwuncha C.S., Abubakar A., Damilare O.S. & Tanko U.M.
This study was set to prepare nanoclay from locally obtained native clay commonly found in Dogon- Ruwa, opposite Maizube farm, along Minna-Bida road, Sabondaga, Bosso Local government area of Niger State-Nigeria and to investigate its chemical modification using four different amino acids;...Read more
Bawa M., Usman J., Adamu G., Abubakar B. & Abubakar A.
The dynamics of malaria transmission in a population is compartmentalized into the human and vector classes and represented by a set of ordinary differential equations using several known clinical and biological information...Read more
Assessment of the water quality parameters of Lapai – Agaie reservoir was conducted from July – December, 2014. The water quality parameters; the physico – chemical parameters studied and analysed include: Dissolved Oxygen (DO2), pH, Alkalinity, Transparency, Electrical conductivity, Total Water Hardness, Temperature,...Read more
Effects of Feeding Different Rations on Growth and Some Innate Immune Parameters in The Haemolymph of African Giant Land Snail (Archachatina marginata)
Amuzat A.O., Suleiman R., Ndatsu Y., Abubakar A. and Boko H.U.
Nutritional status is recognized as a major factor that modulates immune responses, although interactions between specific nutrients and some immune responses are poorly understood. This study evaluated the effects of different plant feeds on protein coagulation and Phenoloxidase activities in the haemolymph of Archachatina marginata...Read more
Proximate and Mineral Analysis of Three Species of Snails Consumed in Edozhigi, Gbako Local Government Area of Niger State
Paiko Y.B., Makanta S.A., Dagaci M.Z., Jacob J.O. & Mathew J.T.
The proximate and mineral compositions of three species of edible snails (Pila globosa, Helix aspera and Archatina fulica) from Edozhigi village in Niger State were investigated using standard methods. The mineral composition of the snails was analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (Buck Scientific, model 210 VGP)...Read more
Radon Concentration Analysis of Borehole and Well Water Sources in Lapai, Using Liquid Scintillation Counter
Liquid Scintillation Counter was used to analyse water samples collected from Lapai metropolis, to determine the concentrations of radon-222. The result obtained showed that there was radon gas in all of the water samples. The mean concentration of the gas in borehole water was 14.51Bq/L, while that of well water was 14.30Bq/L...Read more
Geophysical Interpretation of Ground Magnetic Data over some Northern parts of the Bida Basin, North Central Nigeria
Tsepav, M.T. & Mallam A
Total magnetic field intensity data was acquired on the ground using the G5 Proton precession magnetometer in seventeen different locations on at least, four E-W or N-S traverses at station spacing of between 9.0m and 90m along each traverse...Read more
Mohammed J.N., Kassim, Z & Anifowoshe L.
Air is made up of enormous number of microorganisms mainly fungi and bacteria spore. Their estimation is important as an indication of cleanliness of any particular environment. It becomes important to embark on microbial evaluation of indoor air of science laboratories ...Read more
Ibrahim I.L. Audu A. A. and Dagaci M.Z.
The research was a two years study of worms accidentally encountered during sampling of water from ponds distributed throughout Kano metropolis. Eight heavy metals; zinc, lead, nickel, cobalt, iron, manganese, copper and chromium were found to be significantly present...Read more
Oyedum O.D., Muhammad B.L., Abdullahi S.A., Ndanusa B. & Mohammad D.Z.
This paper studied the diurnal and seasonal variations and the tropospheric surface refractivity (Ns) over Lapai and Makurdi (8.82o N, 6.68o E and 7.74o N, 8.51o E), Central part of Nigeria. The results indicated that both the hourly and monthly averages of radio refractivity during the rainy season months ...Read more
Antibiotic Susceptibility Studies of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Anterior Nares of Students of Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University Lapai, Niger State, Nigeria
Muhammad I.L., Musa R.N., Muhammad R.G., Mohammed J.N., Baba J. Suleiman A.L., Ndatsu Y. & Kassim Z.J.
The antibiotic susceptibility studies of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from anterior nares of 70 students of Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai was carried out. The samples were analysed using Nutrient agar and Mannitol salt agar...Read more
This paper assessed the solar energy potential of Ilorin, Kwara State Capital, North Central Nigeria, for a period of four years (2005-2008) using monthly average of maximum and minimum temperatures, solar radiation and latitude as obtained from the Nigeria Meteorological Agency (NIMET),...Read more